Last edited by Aram
Monday, April 13, 2020 | History

3 edition of Conflict transformation from ethnic movement to terrorist movement found in the catalog.

Conflict transformation from ethnic movement to terrorist movement

Arshi Saleem Hashmi

Conflict transformation from ethnic movement to terrorist movement

case studies of Tamils in Sri Lanka and Mohajirs in Pakistan

by Arshi Saleem Hashmi

  • 210 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by Regional Centre for Strategic Studies in Colombo .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Tamil̲īl̲a Viṭutalaippulikaḷ (Association) -- Case studies,
  • Muhājir Qaumī Mūvment -- Case studies,
  • Tamil (Indic people) -- Sri Lanka -- Government relations -- Case studies,
  • Tamil (Indic people) -- Sri Lanka -- Politics and government -- Case studies,
  • Ethnic conflict -- Sri Lanka -- Case studies,
  • Muhajir (Pakistani people) -- Pakistan -- Sindh -- Government relations -- Case studies,
  • Muhajir (Pakistani people) -- Pakistan -- Sindh -- Politics and government -- Case studies,
  • Ethnic conflict -- Pakistan -- Sindh -- Case studies

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. [140]-148).

    StatementArshi Saleem Hashmi.
    GenreCase studies
    SeriesRCSS policy studies -- 45
    ContributionsRegional Centre for Strategic Studies (Colombo, Sri Lanka)
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsDS489.25.T3+
    The Physical Object
    Pagination148 p. :
    Number of Pages148
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL24111415M
    ISBN 109558051412
    ISBN 109789558051412
    LC Control Number2010316717
    OCLC/WorldCa542321974

    Journal of Civic Commitment, Using Nigeria and South Africa as case studies, it compares the management of ethnic conflicts in both countries and shows the difficulties in managing deep-rooted and complex conflicts. Dialogue is essential to justice and peace on both an interpersonal and a structural level. Journal of Religion and Health, 43 3— Cultures consequences: International differences in work-related values.

    Burnhill, A. Talking Points Countries with geographically concentrated ethnic communities are more likely to experience terrorism. Constitutionally, Nigeria opted for federalism and secularism to manage ethnic and regional misunderstanding Like South Africa, a bill of rights was included in the constitution, which was intended to allay the fears of ethnic minorities in the South. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 32 3— The fifth step taken towards peaceful conflict management was the establishment of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission TRC chaired by Arch-bishop Desmond Tutu, which helped to heal the wounds inflicted by the apartheid system. Lee, D.

    The neglect of the homelands and townships made the people vulnerable to ethnic entrepreneurs and warlords who were fighting for power and economic resources. Alongside Bosnia, Kashmir, and other conflicts, Chechnya became embedded in Osama Bin Laden's repertoire of jihadist rhetoric against the "West. In South Africa, after a difficult and courageous political negotiation between the country's various interest groups, the state has prevented further violence by developing multiple democratic approaches to create a foundation for peace and security. Taking a universal approach to multicultural counseling. Ebb and flow: We often see conflict primarily in terms of its rise and fall, its escalation and de-escalation, its peaks and valleys.


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Conflict transformation from ethnic movement to terrorist movement by Arshi Saleem Hashmi Download PDF Ebook

The civil society that does exist in Nigeria has played an important role in conflict management. The South African people defied the pattern of their past and broke all the rules of social theory Conflict transformation from ethnic movement to terrorist movement book forge a powerful spirit of unity from a shattered nation.

The strong relationship between diaspora communities and the support of close family members abroad make fundraising, arms transfers or recruitment much easier to accomplish and harder to detect.

This act signified the end of apartheid. The literature tends to portray poverty as the main driver of recruitment.

Ancient Egyptian thought and the development of African Black psychology. The introduction of "indirect rule" in Nigeria by Lord Fredrick Lugard, the chief administrator, was not the appropriate mechanism for managing tribal animosities in the colony. Monty G. But what is most worrisome is the religious dimension of ethnic competition for power and oil wealth in Nigeria.

The focus on recruitment strategies has been relatively recent. The RDP was aimed at encouraging disadvantaged groups, especially blacks, to participate equally with others in business.

Respond recognizes that the deepest understanding comes from the learning process of real-life experience. These differences benefited the elite by fomenting conflict. It has existed globally between nations, locally among various cultural groups, in dyadic relationships, and within individuals.

The constitution was drafted by military dictators and handed over to the people. Ethnicity has persisted in North America, Africa and elsewhere. Nigeria can boast of its oil, coal, tin, bauxite and gold. The other set underscores the need to see, pursue, and create change in our ways of organizing social structures, from families to complex bureaucracies, from the local to the global.

This paper has pointed out the importance of civil society in ethnic conflict management. Like the hands, this is a point of action, where thought and heartbeat translate into response, direction, and momentum. Hence the question, how can we effectively manage ethnic conflict in Africa to avoid further human losses?

Counseling Today, 49 16.

Lederach, John Paul. Defining Conflict Transformation.

Google Scholar Pedersen, P. Chechnya: From Nationalism to Jihad provides a fascinating analysis of the transformation of secular nationalist resistance in a nominally Islamic society into a struggle that is its antithesis, jihad.

An administration that endorses segregation for its people does not have the unity of the country at heart. A transformational perspective, rather than looking at a single peak or valley, views the entire mountain range.

Adding to the ethno-religious conflict in Nigeria, was the Yorubas' boycott of the constitutional conference arranged by General Abacha's regime.

Sociology of peace, war, and social conflict

Wherever such basic needs are denied, conflict often follows as aggrieved groups use violent means to fight for their human rights. Holman, But Conflict transformation from ethnic movement to terrorist movement book Nigeria, the politicians are still putting out the growing flames of ethnic conflicts and religious violence.

Ted Gurr and Monty Marshall have written that most African conflicts are caused by the combination of poverty and weak states and institutions. Countries with ethnic groups without strong family ties in other countries experience less terrorism than those with ethnic communities with family ties outside the country.

Positive change does not always happen, of course. In the academic preparation of counselors this book offers encouragement and methods for teaching about nonviolent peacemaking. This contentious issue has fuelled most of the recent ethnic conflicts in the country.On nine-eleven large-scale terrorist attacks in Washington and New York shocked the world again, and since then other violent events took place in Bali, Casablanca, Riyadh, Moscow, Istanbul and Madrid.

This book of concern to all people, because recent history has shown us that such violence can strike everywhere and at any by: Utilizing the Minorities at Risk Organizational Behavior (MAROB) Database, experimental research and case studies, researchers sought to identify important factors and trends related to ethnic, religious and other extremist organizations' decisions to engage in terrorism and other forms of political violence.

Researchers also examined the circumstances that lead violent. She has been a Kodikara fellow that resulted in the book “Conflict Transformation from Ethnic Movement to Terrorist Movement,” published by the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies, Colombo in She is a member of Women without Borders (WwB) Vienna and its project Sisters Against Violent Extremism (SAVE).Conflict Transformation from Ethnic Movement to Terrorist Movement.Start studying sociology exam: ethnic conflict, war, and terrorism.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.1 Ethnic Conflict and Social Movements. 1 Ethnic Conflict and Ebook Movements ebook. ) 4 Civic Competition and Conflict Transformation. A quick glimpse at the numbers shows that there has been a de-escalation of ethnic conflict in Turkey.

The number of officially called “terrorist” attacks has dramatically decreased in the past.